Adding South Georgia can bump your Antarctica expedition up to 20-some days, but it’s well worth the added time and cost. As our office continues to travel the world, we’re hearing more and more about this remote, wild island from polar expedition guides and recently had the chance to visit South Georgia Island ourselves. So here’s a closer look at why you should add South Georgia to your Antarctic route, how to get there and the best time to go:

South Georgia Has Wildlife: A King & Macaroni Penguin Mecca

Situated about halfway between the southeast coast of Argentina and the Antarctic continent, South Georgia is often called an Antarctic oasis, or “the Galapagos of the Poles,” because of the huge numbers of penguins and seals that breed there. And its marine ecosystem is considered one of the world’s densest examples of biodiversity.

The king penguin colony on South Georgia is known as the largest crèche in the world.

One of the most notable things about South Georgia Island is its overwhelming large population of king penguins: over 100,000 breeding pairs. These classic penguins with their trademark yellow head markings have claimed this island as a major breeding spot and you can witness hundreds of thousands of them herded together here. The colony on South Georgia is known as the largest crèche in the world, and these aerial king penguin photos really showcase this largeness.

Up close Macaroni Penguin seen from a small ship expedition to South Georgia and Antarctica.
Macaroni penguin image by Wim van Passel, Oceanwide Expeditions.

South Georgia Island is also home to the largest macaroni penguin population in the world. This species, pictured above, is identified by the orange crest on its forehead, and named for its resemblance to an 18th century fashionable wig, turned into a movement, turned into a slang term: “macaroni.” Sing the “Yankee Doodle” song and it’ll make a little more sense. An impressive 3 million breeding pairs live on South Georgia. And if these incredible numbers are not enough, you’re also likely to see chinstrap and gentoo penguins. This is definitely the place to visit if you want to see penguins. Itineraries to South Georgia also often include the Falkland Islands, 800 miles northwest, a destination also famed for its penguins (5 of the world’s 17 species summer here).

In addition to penguins, South Georgia is home to the southern elephant seal, the largest seal species in the world; Antarctic fur seals; the wandering albatross; and even reindeer (introduced).

Seal on the beach in front of large group of penguins seen from a small ship expedition to South Georgia and Antarctica.
Photo courtesy Poseidon Expeditions

South Georgia Has History

First spotted in 1675 by Antoine de la Roche, a London merchant, South Georgia was claimed for Great Britain by James Cook in 1775. In 1904, Norwegian Carl Anton Larsen established the first land-based whaling station here, as well as the first permanent settlement at Grytviken. Whaling and sealing continued in South Georgia until the 1960s, when the whaling stations were abandoned—and subsequently taken over by the island’s penguin populations!

A visit to South Georgia today includes seeing historic whaling stations and the grave of explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton. 

A visit to South Georgia today includes looks at these historic whaling stations, as well as the grave of explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton at Grytviken. This settlement also hosts a church, whaling history museum, gift shop and research station of approximately 20 scientists.

Remains of an old whaling station and Earnest Shackleton
Landscape of ice shelf and mountain peaks seen from a small ship expedition to South Georgia and Antarctica.
Photos by Erwin Vermeulen, Oceanwide Expeditions 

When Else Can You Access Such a Remote Place?

Because of South Georgia’s remote location in the Southern Ocean, it is not a common tourist destination, even for those already traveling to Antarctica. The near-1,500-square-mile island is home to two mountain ranges, the Salvesen and the Allardyce, reaching 9,850 feet above sea level. Even in the summer, 75 percent of the island is covered in snow, ice and glaciers. It really is a treat to step foot on this remote land and its rugged coastline. We highly suggest doing so en route to Antarctica as it’s a relatively short detour in a region most travelers only have the opportunity to visit once. This sample route map from the Falklands, South Georgia & Antarctica expedition is a good visual example of a typical route that includes South Georgia:

Map of small ship route from Ushuaia, Argentina to Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, and then around the north Peninsula of Antarctica.

How to Get to South Georgia Island

Below, we have links to our trips to Antarctica that currently include South Georgia. Browse around and you will see there are many ways to get to South Georgia Island, all by expedition cruise: you can head due east from Ushuaia; go via the Falkland Islands first, then sail southeast; head northeast from Antarctica; or even fly to the Falklands then sail over to South Georgia. Expect at least two days at sea to get there, no matter what direction you come from, and three days if you are going direct from Ushuaia. As always, contact AdventureSmith for a personalized look at the best trip, ship and departure for your interests and budget, or view our selection of Antarctica cruise deals to search by what’s on sale.

The Best Time to Visit South Georgia

As with virtually all travel, a lot depends on your individual interests. Unlike the Antarctic Peninsula, where penguins’ breeding, nesting and rearing cycles change by the month, the famed king penguins on South Georgia Island are in a constant loop of their breeding cycle. Thus, no matter what time of your you go, you are likely to see both adults and chicks. But the colony size does increase as the season goes on. On the other hand, elephant seals, fur seals and albatross have more distinct seasonal nuances. For example, female fur seals don’t arrive to mate until December so the males can be quite aggressive after that point and your cruise may make fewer landings to avoid confrontations. Elephant seal females arrive sooner, typically in October or early November; AdventureSmith Specialist Andrew Browning saw lots of pups ashore on his trip in November.

In general, going to South Georgia during the austral spring or autumn offers more shore landings and chances to visit some waved albatross and giant petrel breeding sites, which are typically off limits to expeditions from late November to early January. But a trip in the summer (December to mid-February) offers more encounters with other types of penguins (gentoo, Macaroni and chinstrap), peak king penguin numbers and better weather/more daylight. For more weather nuances to determine the best time to visit South Georgia Island, read Antarctica by Month blog post, consult our Antarctica Climate page for weather data averages or contact our experts for a personalized recommendation on the best time to go to South Georgia for your interests.

This post on why you should travel to South Georgia is among our extensive collection of travel guides found on the AdventureSmith Travel Blog. This post was originally published in October 2015, and is updated periodically by our experts. Our most recent update occurred September 2020.